He also says, to be moral, an action must be voluntary. His theories were more teleological, because they could be situational. He says, morality is discovered by pure reason not by law or consequences. An employee is morally right in stealing money from the cash register, because the action benefits them individually.
Deontological ethics is concerned with actions, not consequences. For this and other reasons, many thinkers have advocated a second type of moral theory, deontological ethics. First, if adopted, then everything that benefits the individual becomes morally right.
Suffice it to say that the majority of moral philosophers and theologians have found it defective. With these presuppositions acknowledged, Fletcher goes on to explain the main theory. The theory concludes that what is morally right in one culture will be morally right in all cultures.
Rather, the rightness or wrongness of an act or rule is solely a matter of the overall nonmoral good e. Duty Ethics is a very famous system. Like other systems, it places responsibility directly on the individual.
They argued that emotions alone were too subjective to be useful in making moral claims. But the basis for truly understanding them lies in understanding their differences. This is called Practical Imperative.
As American culture changed, slavery no longer was deemed ethical. Essentially, both men regarded morality from the perspective that the ends don't necessarily negate the means.
Kant's theories are argued from a deontological perspective, in that they are not situational. The planned course of action must work towards the end, which is ultimately love. Under no circumstances should this law be broken: Rather, at best, consequences help us determine which action is more in keeping with what is already our duty.
As it is impossible to achieve it in this life, he said it was reasonable to assume that there would be a next life with God, where there is an opportunity for reaching the supreme good.
Ethics Theories- Utilitarianism Vs. If you leave it to men alone, we would live in a very competitive and individualistic world. More essays like this:Mill’s ethical theory offers an insight.
Mill’s utilitarian ethical theory provides a rule that illuminates this quandary. Utilitarian theory supports Machiavelli’s ‘the end justifies the means’; “according to the utilitarian opinion, the end of human action, is necessarily also the standard of morality” (Mill ch II).
Ethical Theories Compared This is a quick overview of some relations between utilitarian, deontological, and Aristotelian ethical theories. For links to many excellent internet resources on these ethical theories and others, see Lawrence Hinman's Ethics Updates site.3/5(2).
Ethical Theory Comparison Chart HU Utilitarianism Ethical Egoism Ethics of Care Kantianism Prima Facie Duties Divine Command Theory Virtue Theory How is “good” Determined Acting in the interest of all involved, with one’s self being included%(37).
Compare and Contrast two ethical theories Essay Sample. In this essay I have chosen to compare two opposing theories, Immanuel Kant’s absolutist deontological ethics and Joseph Fletchers relativist situation ethics.
Comparing Ethical Theories ETH/ January 1, Comparing Ethical Theories Ethics is a philosophy that studies morality.
Principles of doing right and wrong are inspired by ethical theories such as virtue ethics, utilitarianism, and deontology. Virtue Ethics Virtue is synonymous with quality. Compare and contrast the application of two ethical theories to a moral dilemma.
Discuss the reasons for arguing that one of these theories is more effective than the other. Extracts from this document.Download